Call for Papers
Ethics for the Internet of Things
Call for Papers for Vol. 22 (02/2015)
Different terms have been coined for those old cyberspace fantasies stemming still from the 1980s of a pervasive ICT saturation of the entire mesosphere: Internet of Everything, Semantic Web, Intelligent or Cyber Physical Systems. As early as 1991 Mark Weiser with his idea of Ubiquitous Computing (often bracketed with slight modifications under the concepts of Pervasive Computing or Ambient Intelligence) already reflected on the extension of processing power into everyday scenarios. Already in 2007 IRIE has dealt with this subject and the ethical challenges involved in its 8th issue.
The very concept of an Internet of Things (IoT) was originally proposed by Kevin Asthon in 1999 during a presentation at Procter & Gamble in order to address the advent of the RFID technology. Since then it became a hot topic not only for the internet community, yet for the whole field of information and communication technology (ICT). But only after the huge enlargement of the IP address space by ip6 and the rapid decline in costs of microprocessing power Asthon's and Weiser's notions now appear to be on the point of becoming an earthly reality. Today not only RFID tagged objects, but also distributed sensor and agent technologies through the still ongoing miniaturization of processing power bring the idea of an Internet of Things into the realm of possibility. The result is a universal connectivity in which remote computers get eyes, ears and even hands in the physical world and thus objects start to play an active role in it. According to the research institution Gartner 26 bn devices will be interconnected by 2020 – a multiple of human beings on the planet. Then, all our actions, at all times and everywhere, should undergo some kind of ICT support and indeed, in a certain sense, our everyday world could be made intelligent by the capabilities of computing power distributed and embedded into everyday objects and the connectivity of the net. Thus, the idea of an Internet of Things finally means an omnipresent ICT accompaniment of our daily life, either as an active user, as a passive beneficiary, as a monitored and possibly even as a system guided being.
A whole host of technical research fields are working toward this goal of an Internet of Things, from mechatronics to materials science, from telecommunication engineering to computing and AI research. The scenarios currently discussed range from connected consumer electronics, automotive, health care, utilities and intelligent homes and buildings. The case of the Internet of Things brings into sharper focus two key problems that have already attained a special position in applied media ethics: On the one hand, the determination of reality which we perceive more and more facilitated by ICTs, and on the other hand, the determination of the subject to which actions should be attributed that intervene with this hybrid reality. In a certain sense, we may say that the physical reality diminishes with respect to its confrontational character, and hence becomes completely virtual. On the other side the status of the various agents in this virtual and interwoven reality must be clarified regarding their moral accountability. At the possible end of this development it can happen what Asthon called the independence of the internet from any human intervention.
The role models of active or passive participation in world affairs could change dramatically, and the ethical dimensions of this transformation affect human actors as much as the "things". Etymologically, the old English and German word "thing" meant a public assembly and therefore was a synonym of democracy and partizipation. The "Internet of Things" on the contrary will possibly become a notion of usurpation and the government of things over their former creators.
The 22nd issue of IRIE will tackle the ethical challenge of the Internet of Things and therefore furnish a contribution to the establishment of an ethics for it. This ethics is anchored in the field of information ethics, yet it radicalizes to a certain degree the fundamental issues in this field, insofar as the entire mesosphere appears as a sphere shaped by information and its technologies. And hence, the boundaries then disappear between electronic technology and what underpins it.
Possible Topics and Questions
Privacy in the IoT
Of course, a major issue of the Internet of Things is privacy. As our everyday life will be invaded by sensors that are connected to computing power to process the ‘Big Data’ gathered the unprecedented possibilities to breach privacy are easily predictable. But in fact, the blurring of the contexts that define the realm of privacy and the public demands new concepts to define what these notions can mean in the Internet of Things.
Access to beneficial use of IoT and social justice
Assuming that access to the Internet of Things is beneficiary for people and given its pervasiveness the potential making use of it may become a fundamental human right and constitutional for personal development. What do we have to do to avoid respective impairments and divides?
Establishment of trust in the IoT
The more our everyday life becomes dependent on the technologies deployed in the IoT the more a framework is necessary to ethically establish trust in the IoT. How can we and should we enable subjects to take informed decisions on attributing or depriving trust into the machinery.
Status of agents and agency in the IoT
In the case of the Internet of Things it is vital to clarify whether things that can act enabled by connected computing power are also actors from an ethical point of view. Can these things be attributed some form of responsibility or accountability or only their originators? And how to regulate that?
Hektor Haarkötter, PhD
Professor, Hochschule für Medien, Kommunikation und Wirtschaft (HMKW), Köln Professor, University of Applied Sciences for Media, Communication and Business, Cologne
Felix Weil, PhD
ICIE - Information Center for Information Ethics, Stuttgart
For further information, especially on how to submit a paper, please refer to: Ethics for the Internet of Things - Call for Papers cfp-pdf-fulltext (30 KB) (right click and select "Save Target As")
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